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  1. Havaei, Farinaz BSN, RN
  2. Dahinten, V. Susan PhD, RN
  3. MacPhee, Maura PhD, RN


OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the effects of specific cognitions or aspects of psychological empowerment on 5 major aspects of leader empowering behaviors.


BACKGROUND: Leader empowering behaviors are linked to important employee outcomes such as work effectiveness. Psychologically empowered leaders are known to use more empowering behaviors in their practice. There is limited research examining what aspects of psychological empowerment are most associated with different aspects of leader empowering behaviors.


METHODS: Data from a sample of 103 frontline and midlevel nurse leaders were analyzed after they participated in a leadership development program.


RESULTS: Psychological competence was the strongest predictor of the total score for leader empowering behaviors and 4 of 5 subscale scores, and meaning was the 2nd strongest predictor. Autonomy was not a significant predictor.


CONCLUSION: Psychological empowerment, particularly in the form of psychological competence, is an important leader characteristic and should be a focus of leadership development strategies.