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civility, coping, incivility, nursing students, stress, student-faculty relationships



  1. Clark, Cynthia M. PhD, RN, ANEF, FAAN
  2. Nguyen, Danh T. BS, RN
  3. Barbosa-Leiker, Celestina PhD


Academic incivility can increase student stress, jeopardize learning, damage relationships, and negatively impact the academic environment. This 3-year longitudinal study measured a cohort of prelicensure nursing students' progressive perceptions of stress, coping, student-student and faculty-student relationships, and levels of academic civility. While civility scores remained mild to moderately high overall, there was a slightly declining trend over the 3-year period. Perceived stressors and coping strategies and ways to improve academic civility are identified and discussed.