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  1. Resnick, Barbara PhD, CRNP, FAAN, FAANP


Resilience is conceptualized as a global term that refers to a process by which people bounce back from adversity and reintegrate and ideally grow from the experience. Resilience develops and changes over time through ongoing experiences. There are several different types of resilience including general health resilience, psychological resilience, emotional resilience, dispositional resilience, and physical resilience. There are also numerous ways in which to measure and evaluate resilience. Resilience is not static, and interventions can be implemented to help older adults strengthen their resilience and thereby improve outcomes following challenging events.