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adult learning theory, advance directives, end-of-life, healthcare power of attorney, KAESAD, living will, nursing, Patient Self-Determination Act



  1. Kroning, Maureen


ABSTRACT: Despite increasing age, most older Americans do not have Advance Health Care Directives (AHCDs) while healthcare providers report limited knowledge for teaching about AHCDs. This article offers a history of AHCDs, explores one method for assessing AHCD knowledge using the Knowledge-Attitudinal-Experimental Survey on Advance Directives (KAESAD), and utilizes adult learning theory to develop an AHCD educational in-service for nurses. AHCD information and resources are provided.