Buy this Article for $10.95

Have a coupon or promotional code? Enter it here:

When you buy this you'll get access to the ePub version, a downloadable PDF, and the ability to print the full article.


  1. Zhang, Yu PhD, RN
  2. Bo, Ping PhD, RN
  3. Li, Xiangming PhD, RN


The purpose of this study was to investigate levels of stress, gynecological events, bowel, and psychological symptoms in Chinese women of reproductive age who experienced both diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (D-IBS) and premenstrual syndrome. A cross-sectional study used the self-reported questionnaire based on previous studies done abroad with the Rome III criteria and Symptom Checklist-90 Scale. The research was performed on 233 reproductive age women in China. A descriptive, comparative approach was used to (a) describe general characteristics and the history of disease both of the overlapping group and the D-IBS group, (b) compare stress and gynecological experience of the 2 groups, (c) compare the characteristics of defecation and bowel habits by group, and (d) compare psychological symptoms between groups. Percentage distribution and chi-square tests were used to analyze data. The results revealed that compared to simple D-IBS patients, the patients in the overlapping syndromes group had increased stress and gynecological events and more severe bowel and psychological symptoms. Overlapping syndromes were associated with repeated episodes of longer duration and delayed recovery. Future studies with expanded sample size and blood collection may verify and explain the results of this study.