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Keywords

acute ischemic stroke (AIS), intracranial hemorrhage (ICH), tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA)

 

Authors

  1. Hanselman, Carol J.

Abstract

ABSTRACT: Acute ischemic stroke (AIS) is a major cause of death and disability in the United States. Tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) is an intravenously administered therapy that can prevent death and disability for patients presenting within early onset of AIS. There has been a debate around the exact time parameters for administration, because very few patients present to the hospital within the initial 0- to 3-hour window of time. Not all of the current national guidelines for timing of AIS in the United States are in agreement with regards to this issue. To the nurse caring for patients with neurologic illnesses, this topic is of utmost importance. Nurse are not only involved in determining the time of stroke symptom onset, but nurses also hold responsibility for a working knowledge of the latest eligibility and exclusion criteria for t-PA administration. This article examines the central body of research related to the timing of t-PA and makes recommendations for eligible candidates based on this literature.