Buy this Article for $7.95

Have a coupon or promotional code? Enter it here:

When you buy this you'll get access to the ePub version, a downloadable PDF, and the ability to print the full article.


  1. Bosque, Elena PhD, ARNP, NNP-BC


Background: Although advanced practice in neonatal nursing is accepted and supported by the American Academy of Pediatrics and National Association of Neonatal Nurse Practitioners, less than one-half of all states allow independent prescriptive authority by advanced practice nurse practitioners.


Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare costs of a collaborative practice model that includes neonatal nurse practitioner (NNP) plus neonatologist (Neo) versus a neonatologist only (Neo-Only) practice in Washington state. Published Internet median salary figures from 3 sources were averaged to produce mean +/- SD provider salaries, and costs for each care model were calculated in this descriptive, comparative study.


Findings/Results: Median NNP versus Neo salaries were $99,773 +/- $5206 versus $228,871 +/- $9654, respectively (P < .0001). The NNP + Neo (5 NNP/3 Neo full-time equivalents [FTEs]) cost $1,185,475 versus Neo-Only (8 Neo FTEs) cost $1,830,960. The NNP + Neo practice model with 8 FTEs suggests a cost savings, with assumed equivalent reimbursement, of $645,485/year.


Implications for Practice: These results may provide the impetus for more states to adopt broader scope of practice licensure for NNPs.


Implications for Research: These data may provide rationale for analysis of actual costs and outcomes of collaborative practice.