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  1. Rockey, April Davenport MSN, RN, CGRN


The incidence of Barrett's esophagus is increasing and this diagnosis is being seen more frequently in endoscopy units. Barrett's esophagus is a premalignant condition where the cells that normally line the esophagus are replaced with specialized columnar cells. Patients with Barrett's require close surveillance to monitor their condition and screen for the development of esophageal adenocarcinoma.


This article provides an overview of Barrett's esophagus to better prepare gastroenterology nurses for educating and caring for this population of patients. Included is a discussion of the pathophysiology, signs and symptoms, and diagnostics of this disease entity. Current treatment options including medical management with proton pump inhibitors, endoscopic mucosal ablation techniques such as photodynamic therapy, and surgical intervention are also discussed. Current patient education approaches are also discussed.