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cooperative education, international cooperative education, international education, service learning, study abroad



  1. Hoffart, Nancy PhD, RN
  2. Diani, Jacqueline A. MEd
  3. Carney, Mary F. MS, PMHCNS-BC


A qualitative study was conducted to identify the outcomes of international cooperative education in nursing. Seventeen alumni who completed 19 cooperative work experiences were interviewed. International cooperative experiences support learning about culture and contribute to personal and professional development. Outcomes included increased maturation, confidence, and flexibility; elevated political and global awareness; and ability to create effective relationships with culturally diverse patients and coworkers.