Buy this Article for $10.95

Have a coupon or promotional code? Enter it here:

When you buy this you'll get access to the ePub version, a downloadable PDF, and the ability to print the full article.


  1. LaFleur, Joanne PharmD, MSPH
  2. Hoop, Robert MPH
  3. Korner, Eli PharmD
  4. DuVall, Scott PhD
  5. Morgan, Timothy MD
  6. Pandya, Prashant MD
  7. Han, Jian PhD
  8. Knippenberg, Kristin MFA
  9. Nelson, Richard E. PhD


During the dual-therapy era, many patients with chronic hepatitis C discontinued therapy for reasons other than lack of efficacy (non-LOE). We determined whether selected patient characteristics predicted non-LOE discontinuation using national databases of U.S. veterans with Genotypes 1-4. We identified U.S. veterans in the Veterans Health Administration system in 2004-2009 who had hepatitis C-confirming RNA laboratory results and initiated therapy with pegylated interferon and ribavirin. We used a rule to classify patients who discontinued pegylated interferon early, based on pharmacy refill and viral response data. Multivariate Cox regression was used to identify predictors of non-LOE discontinuation. Of 321,238 patients with a hepatitis C International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, code, 15,297 (4.8%) met all inclusion criteria. Non-LOE discontinuers comprised 30.3% of patients. For Genotypes 1-4, the predictors (adjusted hazard ratio) of greatest magnitude were comorbidities of myocardial infarction/congestive heart failure (1.36), renal disease (1.34), and platelets 100/mm3 or more (1.38). For Genotypes 2 and 3, predictors of greatest magnitude were Black race (1.30), myocardial infarction/congestive heart failure (1.84), albumin 3.5 mg/dl or more (1.65), sleep aid use (1.32), and poor persistence with antidepressants (1.31) and antihypertensive agents (1.37). Our study suggests that many host factors may have contributed to non-LOE dual-therapy discontinuation in veterans and may possibly predict non-LOE discontinuation in triple therapy.