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behavioral disturbances, dementia, DICE method, neuropsychiatric symptoms, nonpharmacologic interventions



  1. Struble, Laura M. PhD, GNP-BC
  2. Blazek, Mary C. MD
  3. Kales, Helen C. MD


Abstract: A 92-year-old patient with Parkinson disease and dementia provides an opportunity for the advanced practice registered nurse to shift thinking about behavioral disturbances in dementia, away from controlling behavior with pharmacologic approaches, such as antipsychotics, toward understanding behavior by applying the nonpharmacologic Describe, Investigate, Create, and Evaluate method.