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  1. Baldwin, Ann Linda PhD
  2. Vitale, Anne PhD, APN, AHN-BC
  3. Brownell, Elise PhD
  4. Kryak, Elizabeth DrNP, RN-BC
  5. Rand, William


This blinded, controlled pilot study investigated the effects of Reiki on 46 patients undergoing knee replacement surgery. Of the 3 groups, Reiki, Sham Reiki, and Standard of Care, only the Reiki group showed significant reductions in pain, blood pressure, respiration rate, and state anxiety, which provides evidence for a full-scale clinical study.