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glycemic control, lipid management, primary prevention, risk assessment, risk factor reduction, secondary prevention, standards of care



  1. Kernan-Schroeder, Diane RN, MSN, BC-ADM, CDE
  2. Cunningham, Margaret RN, MS, BC-ADM, CDE


The phenomenal growth in the rate of type 2 diabetes presents an enormous burden to society. Diabetes and its complications cost billions and significantly impact quality of life in individuals with diabetes. Diabetes management has transitioned from focusing exclusively on glycemic control to an approach that addresses both glucose abnormalities and the chronic complications of the disease. Increased understanding of the underlying mechanisms of disease and the multifactorial basis of diabetes complications suggest the importance of early diagnosis and treatment of all diabetes complications. Preventive approaches emphasizing risk factor reduction strategies are essential. The American Diabetes Association Standards of Medical Care for People with Diabetes assist both the health care provider and the individual with diabetes to appreciate the comprehensive treatment goals in diabetes and provide specific guidelines for achieving these goals. This article presents these guidelines in an easy-to-remember ABC format.