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  1. Allen, Jerilyn K. RN, ScD, FAAN
  2. Scott, Lisa Benz PhD, MS


Despite the strong scientific evidence supporting the effectiveness of cardiovascular risk reduction interventions, their application is inconsistent across medical care settings and patient groups. Traditional approaches have been largely ineffective. Thus, there is an urgent need to develop and implement innovative approaches that provide persons with or at risk for coronary heart disease effective risk reduction interventions that are accessible and affordable. Advanced practice nurses and community health workers providing care as members of multidisciplinary teams have been successful strategies for improving outcomes. This paper describes the evidence supporting these alternative models and suggests strategies for the delivery of such programs for the primary and secondary prevention of coronary heart disease.