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Edema, Hydrotherapy, Pregnancy, Water immersion



  1. DiPasquale, Linda R. MSN, RNC
  2. Lynett, Kimberly BSN, RN


The purpose of this article is to present a case of a pregnant woman with nephrotic syndrome who had unusually painful edema, and to share an intervention used to relieve her discomfort. The labial edema experienced by this patient was particularly problematic and interfered with normal activity; the hydrotherapy used in this case for treatment was successful in reducing the edema and the pain associated with it. When addressing atypical clinical problems such as this one, nurses can use evidence-based, inexpensive interventions to help their patients.