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  1. Phillips, Kelly MSN, FNP
  2. Ch'ien, Anne P.Y. MSN, FNP
  3. Norwood, Barbara R. EdD, RN
  4. Smith, Chris MSN, FNP


Low back pain (LBP) is a significant health problem in industrialized nations and the second most common reason patients seek health care. Eighty-five percent of all people will experience back pain, which often becomes chronic. This article evaluates scientific studies from 1997 to 2001 regarding treatments for chronic LBP.