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Keywords

acute respiratory distress syndrome, ARDS, cardiogenic shock, ECMO, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, life support, mechanical circulatory support, oxygenation

 

Authors

  1. Trinsey, Ashley MSN, RN, CCRN, ACCNS-AG

Abstract

Abstract: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is a mechanical circulatory support device that is used when the heart and/or lung functions are affected by severe disease or organ dysfunction. ECMO therapy provides temporary, lifesaving support to the body until surgical intervention or more permanent treatments can be provided. This article reviews the two main types of ECMO therapy along with therapeutic indications, function, and how to manage critically ill adult patients using ECMO.