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bullying, disruptive behavior, ethics, incivility, nursing, spirituality, workplace violence



  1. Phillips, Gwenda Smith
  2. MacKusick, Carol Isaac
  3. Whichello, Ramona


ABSTRACT: A literature review was conducted to evaluate existing knowledge of incivility in the nursing workplace through the lens of nursing ethics and spirituality. Study articles presented a consistent theme of improved organizational commitment and job satisfaction when spirituality was injected into the workplace. It seems plausible to suggest a positive correlation between spirituality and more civil environments in nursing workplaces.