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Keywords

Anxiety, Auricular acupuncture, Engagement, Stress

 

Authors

  1. Buchanan, Teresa M. MBA, RN
  2. Reilly, Patricia M. MSN, RN
  3. Vafides, Carol MAc, LicAc
  4. Dykes, Patricia PhD, MA, RN, FAAN, FACMI

Abstract

Background: Stress and anxiety are experienced by health care providers as a consequence of caregiving and may result in physical, emotional, and psychological outcomes that negatively impact work engagement.

 

Aim: The purpose of this study was to determine whether auricular acupuncture can reduce provider anxiety and improve work engagement.

 

Methods: Study participants received 5 auricular acupuncture sessions within a 16-week period utilizing the National Acupuncture Detoxification Association protocol for treating emotional trauma. Each participant completed the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory and the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale (UWES-9) prior to their first session and again after their fifth treatment.

 

Results: Significant reductions were found in state and trait anxiety (State-Trait Anxiety Inventory), as well as significant increases in the overall scores on the UWES as compared with baseline. Only the dedication subcategory of the UWES showed significant improvement.

 

Conclusions: Engagement has been linked to increased productivity and well-being and improved patient and organizational outcomes. Providing effective strategies such as auricular acupuncture to support health care providers in reducing anxiety in the workplace may improve engagement.