Buy this Article for $7.95

Have a coupon or promotional code? Enter it here:

When you buy this you'll get access to the ePub version, a downloadable PDF, and the ability to print the full article.


  1. Isaacson, Mary J. PhD, RN, CHPN
  2. Minton, Mary E. PhD, RN, CNS, CHPN


Communication is imperative for end-of-life decision-making; however, descriptions of key strategies used by nurses are missing. A phenomenological approach was used to interpret interviews from 10 hospice/palliative nurses. The overarching pattern is the closing composition. Key communication strategies/patterns include establishing context, acknowledging through attentive listening, making it safe for them to die, planning goals of care, and being honest. Essential is the awareness that nurse, patient, and family all hold expertise in the subject matter. It is imperative that pre-/postnursing licensure curriculum be expanded to include training in mutual influence communication practices and mentoring in the skill of orchestration.