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Keywords

Advanced practice nurse, job satisfaction, nurse practitioners, predictors, work environments

 

Authors

  1. Han, Robin M. MSN, RN, ACNS-BC (Doctoral Student)
  2. Carter, Patricia PhD, RN, CNS (Associate Professor)
  3. Champion, Jane Dimmitt PhD, DNP, MSN, MA, FNP, AH-PMH-CNS, FAANP, FAAN (Professor, Lee and Joseph D. Jamail Endowed Professorship in Nursing)

Abstract

Background and purpose: This systematic review explores relationships between advanced practice registered nurses' (APRN) job satisfaction and intent to leave. There exists a dearth of APRN providers compared with the ever-growing need for their services. Furthermore, the organizational costs associated with the APRN turnover are extremely high. It, therefore, behooves practice administrators to understand what factors most contribute to APRN job satisfaction and retention.

 

Methods: A search of research databases CINAHL, PubMed, and PsycINFO, using keywords "Advanced Practice Registered Nurse," "job satisfaction," "intent to leave," "anticipated turnover," and "Nurse Practitioner" to yield articles included in this review.

 

Conclusions: The strength of existing evidence for this topic is weak. Studies have found that extrinsic factors, such as administrative support and salary, significantly contribute to job dissatisfaction, whereas intrinsic factors, such as autonomy and finding work meaningful, most significantly contribute to job satisfaction. Additional research is needed to better understand the factors relating to APRN job satisfaction and dissatisfaction, and how those factors influence practitioners' intent to leave.

 

Implications for practice: Efforts to improve APRN job satisfaction will have positive implications for provider retention, practices, and patients. Administrators should consider the job satisfaction factors identified herein when implementing practice improvement and retention efforts.