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causal past, endurance and resilience, grief, transformation, spirituality



  1. Gaydos, H. Lea Barbato PhD, RN, CS, HNC


The life journeys of 5 hospice nurses were studied in images and narratives to discern the causal past that led these nurses to working in hospice. Using cocreative aesthetic inquiry, a qualitative research method, the author discovered a causal life pattern among these nurses. Profound loss and grief before becoming a hospice nurse, endurance and resilience, hospice nursing as a means of transformation, and a life pervaded by spirituality distinguished the life journeys of these nurses. Implications for nursing education, recruitment and retention are considered.