communication, nursing education, reporting, simulation, situation, background, assessment, and recommendation (SBAR)



  1. Lanz, Amelia S. EdD, RN, CNE
  2. Wood, Felecia G. PhD, RN, CNL


Research indicates that nurses lack adequate preparation for reporting patient status. This study compared 2 instructional methods focused on patient status reporting in the clinical setting using a randomized posttest-only comparison group design. Reporting performance using a standardized communication framework and student perceptions of satisfaction and confidence with learning were measured in a simulated event that followed the instruction. Between the instructional methods, there was no statistical difference in student reporting performance or perceptions of learning. Performance evaluations provided helpful insights for the nurse educator.