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ELNEC, end-of-life (EOL) communication, Frommelt Attitude Towards Care of the Dying (FATCOD), novice nurses, nursing care, spiritual care



  1. Lee, Sondra B.
  2. Forehand, Jeffery W.
  3. St. Onge, Judith L.
  4. Acker, Kristi A.


ABSTRACT: Many, especially newer, nurses lack the experience for nuanced skillful communication at end of life. This study incorporated the End-of-Life Nursing Education Consortium (ELNEC) Core Curriculum Communication module into a nurse residency program and tested for change in attitudes toward end-of-life (EOL) care. Researchers found significant differences in attitudes toward care of the dying before and after the ELNEC training, and between nurses with greater than and less than 5 years experience. Findings support that ELNEC education can significantly impact nurse attitudes about EOL care.