1. Wenker, Susan L. PT, PhD
  2. Walbrandt Pigarelli, Denise L. PharmD, BC-ADM


Diabetes mellitus affects approximately 25% of United States adults aged 65 years and older, and the disease often complicates the aging process. Diabetes management requires attention to 3 treatment modalities: exercise, medical nutrition therapy, and medications. The main objective when working with patients who have diabetes is to optimize life while providing interventions to minimize organ system impairment, which may cause reduced body function and, subsequently, decreased life participation.