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  1. Tzeng, Huey-Ming PhD, RN, FAAN
  2. Pierson, James Marcus MD
  3. Kang, Yu PhD
  4. Barker, Anne MSN, FNP-BC
  5. Yin, Chang-Yi MA


Background: Nurses and other health care providers need to ensure that patients receive care that addresses their specific needs and wants.


Purpose: This exploratory study examined the associations between patients' self-reported positive and negative affect, the perceived importance of 57 self-care actions, the desire and ability to perform them, and emergency department use in the past 3 months.


Methods: A secondary analysis from a cross-sectional survey project that surveyed 250 community-dwelling adults living in the southern United States, 2015-2016. Independent t tests and the [chi]2 test were used.


Results: Positive affect was associated with positive perceptions of self-care actions and having no emergency department visit. Patients with a more negative affect perceived finding and using services that support their health behaviors as being important and expressed a desire to participate in local health screening or wellness events.


Conclusions: Patients' perceptions of their self-care actions could lead to better outcomes.