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Keywords

Health, Schedule III and IV Drug User, Student

 

Authors

  1. Sun, Fan-Ko RN, PhD
  2. Su, Chen-Ying RN, PhD
  3. Wei, Chi-Fang RN, PhD
  4. Lan, Chu-Mei PhD
  5. Chiang, Chun-Ying RN, PhD

Abstract

Drug abuse adversely affects the health of populations in many counties and contributes immensely to social issues. Schedule III and IV controlled drug abuse is popular in young adults. Medical education is one of the most stressful academic fields for students. The aim of this study was to compare the health differences in body, mind, and spirit among Schedule III and IV controlled drugs users, nursing students, and psychology students. This study uses a cross-sectional comparative study on a convenience sample. Four hundred eleven participants were recruited from three different samples that include Schedule III and IV controlled drug users (n = 211), nursing students (n = 100), and psychology students (n = 100), all from either a drug abuse prevention center or two universities in Southern Taiwan. Relying on the Health of Body, Mind and Spirit Scale, a linear regression model was used to identify the health differences among drug users, nursing students, and psychology students. The results show that drug users scored higher on the physical subscale ([latin sharp s] = -.249, p < .001), the mental subscale ([latin sharp s] = -.120, p < .05), the spiritual subscale ([latin sharp s] = -.154, p < .01), and the Health of Body, Mind and Spirit Scale ([latin sharp s] = -.210, p < .001) than psychology students. The nursing students scored higher on the mental subscale ([latin sharp s] = .146, p < .01) than drug users did. These results could help health staff and instructors understand the differences and improve the physical, mental, and spiritual health among Schedule III and IV controlled drug users, nursing students, and psychology students. Furthermore, future study could further investigate the factors that may affect physical, mental, and spiritual health.