Diabetes, Health knowledge, Self-management, Standardized nursing terminology, Validation study



  1. Oh, Hyunkyoung PhD, MSN, RN
  2. Moorhead, Sue PhD, RN, FAAN


People with diabetes have to self-manage their health conditions to promote, maintain, and restore their health. The Nursing Outcomes Classification provides two outcomes for people with diabetes to evaluate their knowledge and self-management behaviors. The purpose of this study was to validate these two Nursing Outcomes Classification outcomes for adults with diabetes. A descriptive exploratory design using the Delphi technique was used. Two groups of experts were invited for validation of the outcomes. Descriptive statistics were used to determine definition adequacy, clinical usefulness, and content similarity. The Outcome Content Validity method was used to evaluate each outcome and the indicators. A total of 16 nurse experts participated in this study. The definition adequacy of the two Nursing Outcomes Classification outcomes was rated higher than 4.0 out of 5. Clinical usefulness was rated higher than 4.0 out of 5. The range of content validity of the two Nursing Outcomes Classification outcomes was from 0.89 to 0.92 (perfect score is 1.0). The invited experts reported that the content of this outcome pair was very similar. By using validated Nursing Outcomes Classification outcomes, nurses who take care of patients with diabetes can evaluate patient outcomes effectively and determine the effect of nursing interventions accurately.