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  1. Patel, Kaushal MD
  2. Baltaji, Stephanie MD
  3. Rabold, Erica MD
  4. Malik, Khalid MD
  5. Adurty, Rajashekar MD
  6. Cheema, Tariq MD


Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) was first described in 1967 by Ashbaugh and colleagues. Acute respiratory distress syndrome is a clinical syndrome, not a disease, and has no ideal definition or gold standard diagnostic test. There are multiple causes and different pathways of pathogenesis as well as various histological findings. Given these variations, there are many clinical entities that can get confused with ARDS. These entities are discussed in this article as "Mimics of ARDS." It imperative to correctly identify ARDS and distinguish it from other diseases to implement correct management strategy.