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antimicrobial dressing, debridement, gentian violet, hydrosurgery, KID syndrome, ulcer, wound care



  1. Kapila, Ayush K. MBBS, MD, MRCS
  2. De Baerdemaeker, Randy MD
  3. Bakal, Fadi MD
  4. Hanssens, Valerie MSc
  5. Spinnael, Jeannine MSc
  6. Hendrickx, Benoit MD, PhD
  7. Zeltzer, Assaf MD, PhD
  8. Hamdi, Moustapha MD, PhD


ABSTRACT: A 14-year-old girl with a history of keratitis-ichthyosis-deafness (KID) syndrome, a rare autosomal dominant condition, was referred to the Department of Plastic Surgery at Brussels University Hospital in June 2016 for progressively worsening inguinoperineal ulceration exacerbated by overapplication of combination drug treclinax (tretinoin and erythromycin). On assessment, a large area of purulent papillomatous hyperkeratosis with follicular plugging, likely superimposed bacterial colonization, and deep ulceration were noted requiring thorough debridement.


A first procedure was performed in June 2016 with hydrosurgical debridement (Versajet IITM; Smith & Nephew, Forth Worth, Texas). During the procedure, significant blood loss was noted, and topical adrenaline, blood transfusion, and a short ICU stay were required for monitoring during which the patient remained hemodynamically stable. The wound was primarily dressed with an antimicrobial barrier silver dressing; meropenem, ceftazidime, and fluconazole were started to treat for Gram-negative, Gram-positive, and anaerobic bacilli, as well as Pseudomonas aeruginosa and fungal infections in situ. A further three debridements were required 6, 12, and 26 days after the initial procedure. The patient was discharged 36 days after admission without any antibiotics and with an outpatient wound care plan.


Not only was this case rare, but it also reflected the importance of a careful approach when tackling KID syndrome's cutaneous manifestations. Multiple debridements, thorough wound care, and appropriate antibiotic therapy may be required to achieve local healing and a satisfactory result. Hydrosurgical debridement offered a precise and well-controlled method for treating a large ulcerating hyperkeratotic urogenital lesion in this pediatric patient.