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Keywords

activPAL3, Acute myocardial infarction, Early recovery, Physical activity, Secondary prevention

 

Authors

  1. Shajrawi, Abedalmajeed PhD, MSN, RN
  2. Al-Smadi, Ahmed Mohammad PhD, MSN, RN
  3. Al-Shawabkeh, Ghadeer Khaled MD
  4. Aljribeea, Hanadi Saleh MSN, BSN
  5. Khalil, Heba PhD, RN

Abstract

Background: Promoting physical activity is a priority after coronary revascularisation for effective long-term cardiovascular care and to avoid further disease progression and complications. But little is known about the effect of different types of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) treatment modalities in changes in physical activity level post-AMI.

 

Objective: This study aimed to examine changes in physical activity among patients treated with different treatment modalities post-first AMI during early recovery phase at week 2 (time 1) and week 6 (Time 2) after hospitalization.

 

Methods: A descriptive study was done using a repeated-measures design. Physical activity was measured by a body-worn activity monitor (activPAL3 monitor) for 24 hours a day for full 7 consecutive days at time 1 and time 2 after hospitalization. Demographic and clinical data were collected from patients' records. The study was conducted in 1 setting in Jordan. Participants were met at time 1 and time 2. The study recruited a convenience sample of 94 patients with AMI. Participants did not have access to cardiac rehabilitation. The participants were categorized according to type of AMI treatment modalities into 3 groups: ST-elevation myocardial infarction treated by primary percutaneous coronary intervention, ST-elevation myocardial infarction treated by thrombolytic therapy, and non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction treated by medication.

 

Results: Patients treated by primary percutaneous coronary intervention had a statistically significant effect on changes in mean steps count and mean stepping time per day better than patients treated by other treatment modalities between weeks 2 and 6 after hospitalization.

 

Conclusion: The study showed that patients treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention had better mean steps count and mean stepping time per day between weeks 2 and 6 after hospitalization in comparison with other treatment modalities. These findings could be used for development of effective intervention in the future. Further research using different research methods such as longitudinal studies among different cultures to confirm the finding of this study is recommended.