1. Hanna, Debra R. PhD


This article's purpose is to propose ideas about developing teaching standards for each of 4 learner levels that lead to 4 types of nursing practice. The learner levels and types of practice are undergraduate/basic practice, graduate/enhanced practice, doctor of nursing practice/translational practice, and research doctorate/knowledge development practice. Each learner level requires different content and different teaching strategies. Thus, teaching at each level requires different teaching standards. This article is written in separate parts. Each section develops necessary ideas to support a set of recommended teaching standards needed to teach authentic nursing theoretical thinking at each level of nursing education.