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  1. Lee, Eun Jin PhD


The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of positive group psychotherapy with auricular acupressure on tobacco withdrawal symptoms and smoking cessation. This study used a randomized controlled trial design. Participants were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 groups: group 1 (counseling and auricular acupressure), group 2 (counseling and placebo acupressure), and the control group (self-help for smoking cessation). Positive group psychotherapy and auricular acupressure were performed once a week for 6 weeks. The smoking cessation rates for 1 year in groups 1 and 2 were higher than that in the control group (9.5%, 15.6%, and 0%, respectively; odd ratio: 7.98, P = .019, n = 109). There was a significant difference of tobacco withdrawal symptoms among the 3 groups over 4 weeks (F = 2.9, P = .04). The mean differences between week 1 and week 4 among the 3 groups were statistically significant (4.7 +/- 6.96, 5.18 +/- 7.9, and 0.14 +/- 7.15, F = 4.25, P = .018).