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group therapy, substance abuse, support groups



  1. Gance-Cleveland, Bonnie


Background: Adolescents with an addicted parent are at risk for physical, emotional, and social problems. They are particularly at risk for developing substance abuse. School-based support groups have been suggested as a beneficial treatment and prevention strategy.


Objective: To examine the features, critical attributes, processes, and benefits of school-based support groups for adolescents with an addicted parent.


Methods: A qualitative evaluation using the ethnographic method was conducted at two Midwestern suburban high schools.


Results: The study resulted in a comprehensive description of school-based support groups and an outline presenting benefits of participation for adolescents with an addicted parent. The benefits of group participation included increased knowledge, enhanced coping, increased resilience, improved relationships, and improved school performance.


Discussion: Findings from this study suggest that school-based support groups are beneficial to adolescents with addicted parents. Experiential knowledge is the foundation of these self-help groups. School-based support group participation enhanced self-knowledge and led to self-care and self-healing. The school-based support groups expanded the adolescents' awareness, resulting in their ability to make critical choices that facilitated changes in the dysfunctional pattern. Support group participation empowered youth to make these changes.