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communication, deaf, hearing impaired, nursing, spiritual care



  1. Georges, Marie Therese
  2. Taylor, Elizabeth Johnston


ABSTRACT: Communicating effectively with persons who have a hearing disability can be challenging; assessing and providing spiritual care for these individuals is a more formidable expectation. Understanding the culture includes knowing available communication strategies and how best to use sign language interpreters. Building trust, demonstrating respect, and honoring privacy are essential components for nurses who wish to offer spiritual care. Utilizing spiritual caring moments as well as Helen Keller's example of successful communication across the hearing-nonhearing divide gives nurses valuable insights.