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Authors

  1. Dahne, Jennifer PhD
  2. Nahhas, Georges J. PhD, MPH
  3. Wahlquist, Amy E. MS
  4. Cummings, K. Michael PhD, MPH
  5. Carpenter, Matthew J. PhD

Abstract

The purpose of the present study was (1) to examine demographic differences between smokers who successfully quit (n = 1809), who relapsed (n = 6548), and who did not attempt to quit (n = 11 102) within the last year, and (2) to examine state-level tobacco policies/programs as predictors of quit success. Data were utilized from the 2014-2015 Tobacco Use Supplement to the Current Population Survey, which were paired with 2014 data on taxation, appropriations, and smoke-free air laws. As compared with smokers who relapsed, those who successfully quit were more likely to be white, married, more highly educated, of higher income, and heavier smokers. Compared with those who did not attempt to quit, those who attempted to quit, regardless of success, were younger and more likely to be Hispanic. State comprehensive smoke-free air laws and tobacco excise taxation significantly predicted quit success. Thus, expansions of these policies should be considered to promote successful quitting.