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  1. Urrutia, Macy BS
  2. Ivy, Cynthia OT, OTD, MEd, CHT
  3. Pohl, Patricia S. PhD, PT
  4. Denney, Linda PhD, MAppSc (Manip), PT


The purpose of this study was to determine whether high-intensity exercise boxing has an effect on sleep quality and daytime sleepiness in individuals with Parkinson disease (PD). Fifteen (male: n = 10; female: n = 5) participants with PD completed biweekly high-intensity boxing sessions for 6 weeks. Outcome measures for sleep quality, daytime sleepiness, and depression were taken at baseline, posttraining (7 weeks), and 12 weeks. A repeated-measures multivariate analysis of variance was used to examine changes in sleep and depression. Participation in a 6-week high-intensity boxing program significantly decreased depression, as well as showed trends of improved sleep quality and decreased daytime sleepiness.