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Keywords

intervention workshop, nurse education, psychiatric patients, substance use disorder

 

Authors

  1. Jackman, Kevon-Mark DrPh
  2. Scala, Elizabeth MSN/MBA, RN
  3. Nwogwugwu, Charlotte BSN, DrPh
  4. Huggins, Delcora BS, MS
  5. Antoine, Denis G. MD, DABAM, FASAP

Abstract

Background: Negative healthcare provider attitudes toward patients with substance use disorder (SUD) may adversely impact the quality of care and treatment outcomes.

 

Purpose: In this article, we aim to characterize the effects of an 8-hour educational workshop on attitudes toward patients with SUD among nurses from an urban inpatient psychiatric hospital.

 

Methods: The Drug and Drug Problems Perceptions Questionnaire, a 22-item scale consisting of six subscales, was used to assess nurse attitudes to patients with SUD at pretest (n = 38), posttest (n = 36), and 30-day follow-up (n = 20). Generalized estimating equation models adjusted for gender and years of work experience were used to measure changes in Drug and Drug Problems Perceptions Questionnaire scores.

 

Results: Positive attitudes significantly increased at posttest ([beta] = -12.09, 95%CI [-16.83, -7.34]; p < .001) and were sustained at 30-day follow-up ([beta] = 1.71, 95% CI [-3.11, 6.53]; p = .49). Subscales of motivation ([beta] = -0.26, 95% CI [-0.87, 0.35]; p = .41) and task-specific self-esteem ([beta] = -0.56, 95% CI [-1.44, 0.32]; p = .21) did not significantly change at posttest.

 

Conclusions: Our findings show workshop effectiveness in improving nurse attitudes toward patients with SUD. Future research may test similar interventions at a larger scale and with other health professionals.