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Keywords

adults, case-control study, postlumbar puncture headache, risk factors

 

Authors

  1. Nielsen, Lea Normand
  2. Vamosi, Marianne

Abstract

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Postlumbar puncture headache (PLPH) is a common adverse event after lumbar puncture. The specific cause for headache remains uncertain but is assumed to be cerebrospinal fluid leakage. The headache affects the patient, family, and workplace as well as society in general. The aim of this study was to identify risk factors associated with the development of PLPH. METHODS: This quantitative case-control study included 285 patients having undergone diagnostic lumbar puncture at a department of infectious diseases during 2015 to 2016. We examined blood glucose and blood albumin levels as well as systolic, diastolic, and mean arterial blood pressure. Statistical analysis included Student t test, [chi]2, and logistic regression. RESULTS: Compared with the control group, patients with PLPH tended to have a lower glucose level (5.7 vs 6.4 mmol/L), lower systolic pressure (126 vs 137 mm Hg), and lower mean arterial blood pressure (90 vs 96 mm Hg). Logistic regression analysis showed that lower systolic blood pressure (<=126 mm Hg) significantly increased the risk of PLPH (odds ratio, 0.977 [95% confidence interval, 0.957-0.998]) along with age younger than 40 years (odds ratio, 0.954 [95% confidence interval, 0.935-0.973]). CONCLUSION: Patients with a lower systolic blood pressure had a statistically significantly increased risk of PLPH. Furthermore, younger age was also associated with an increased risk of PLPH.