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Keywords

autoimmune disease, autolytic debridement, catastrophic antiphospholipid syndrome, cutaneous necrosis, hydrocolloid, hydrofiber, interprofessional care, nephrotic syndrome, wound care

 

Authors

  1. Niu, Niu MSc
  2. Jiang, Qixia MSc
  3. Cheng, Dongrui PhD
  4. Wang, Zhongling MD, PhD

Abstract

ABSTRACT: Catastrophic antiphospholipid syndrome is an extremely rare autoimmune disease with complex and diverse clinical manifestations. Cutaneous necrosis is one of its rare clinical features. However, interventions for this manifestation are not standardized and lack evidence, which increases treatment difficulty. Here, study authors report the successful care and follow-up of a 46-year-old female patient with nephrotic syndrome and catastrophic antiphospholipid syndrome complicated by full-thickness cutaneous necrosis of the dorsum of the right hand that lasted more than 4 months and 1 month prior to wound treatment, respectively. Study authors set up an interprofessional team, including a nephrologist, a vascular surgeon, and two specialist wound care nurses to provide holistic wound care and treat her complex systemic conditions. After 84 days of treatment, which involved removing necrotic tissue with autolytic wound debridement, reducing inflammation with hydrofiber dressings containing silver, and promoting re-epithelialization with hydrocolloid paste and systemic medications, the wound healed successfully. Authors followed up with the patient at 1, 4, 6, 11, and 19 months after healing. The quality of scar was monitored, and the function of her right hand recovered normally.