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  1. Rabold, Erica MD
  2. Virani, Ahmed MD
  3. Arshad, Hammad MD
  4. Cheema, Tariq MD, FCCP, MMM


Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease has recently been gaining more attention, as beyond impacting roughly 10% of the world's population, it also carries high morbidity and mortality. The mainstay of management is optimizing pharmacological therapy, but various nonpharmacological therapies have shown benefits in providing symptom improvement and relief, prevention and mitigation of exacerbations, quality of life, and even mortality rate. Such modalities include supplemental oxygen therapy, pulmonary rehabilitation, viral and bacterial vaccinations, and noninvasive positive pressure ventilation therapy.