Buy this Article for $10.95

Have a coupon or promotional code? Enter it here:

When you buy this you'll get access to the ePub version, a downloadable PDF, and the ability to print the full article.


  1. DiSilvio, Briana MD
  2. Baqdunes, Mohammad MD
  3. Alhajhusain, Ahmad MD
  4. Cheema, Tariq MD, FCCP, MMM


Cigarette smoking is the leading cause of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) worldwide. Smoking cessation is thus integral to the treatment of COPD. Nicotine addiction is a disease dependent on the complex interactions of neurotransmitter pathways, conditioned behaviors, environmental cues, genetic predisposition, and personal life circumstances, which render some more susceptible to tobacco abuse than others. The most successful smoking cessation programs are individualized, comprehensive, and utilize combinations of clinician counseling, behavioral reinforcement, community resources, advanced technology support (eg, smartphone apps, and Internet Web sites), and pharmacotherapy (both nicotine-based and nonnicotine medications). E-cigarettes were introduced to the US market in 2006 and touted as a safer alternative to tobacco cigarette smoking. Unfortunately, over the last 5 to 10 years, recreational e-cigarette use, or "vaping," has increased in popularity, especially among adolescents. This has introduced nicotine addiction to an entire generation of nonsmokers and resulted in numerous cases of acute lung disease, now known as e-cigarette or vape product use-associated lung injury (EVALI). In light of these adverse events, e-cigarettes and vape products are not currently recommended as a smoking cessation aid.