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  1. Kang, Youjeong PhD, MPH, CCRN
  2. Mondesir, Favel L. PhD, MSPH
  3. Young, Dawn BSN, BA, RN
  4. Norris, Eddie BS, JD, LLM
  5. Hernandez, Juan M. MSN, RN
  6. Nativi-Nicolau, Jose MD
  7. Stehlik, Josef MD, MPH


Frequent rehospitalizations among patients with heart failure (HF) result in patient burden and high cost. Homebound patients with HF qualify for home healthcare after hospital discharge. It is not known if nonhomebound patients with HF could also benefit from home healthcare nursing (HHN) visits to improve the transition from hospital to home. The purpose of this quality-improvement pilot study was to assess the impact of HHN visits provided to nonhomebound HF patients after hospital discharge on 30-day rehospitalization rates. We included patients with HF who were ineligible for home healthcare services due to their nonhomebound status. Home healthcare nurses followed a modified version of the discharge checklist from the American Heart Association's Rise Above Heart Failure materials, and provided education as appropriate based on patients' responses. We enrolled 68 patients in the study. The mean age was 60.2 years; 61.8% were male and 77.9% were White. Based on patient responses to the checklist, key areas addressed during HHN visits were medication management and HF self-care. In the HHN visit group, 15% of the patients experienced rehospitalization within 30 days, compared with 23% in the non-HHN visit group among 540 patients discharged in the same time frame who met the inclusion criteria but were not enrolled in the study (p = .12). Our pilot data show that HHN visits for nonhomebound patients are feasible and result in a numerically lower 30-day rehospitalization rate after discharge. Further study is needed to confirm the clinical efficacy of this approach.