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  1. Thomas, Teresa H. PhD, RN
  2. Donovan, Heidi S. PhD, RN
  3. Rosenzweig, Margaret Q. PhD, CRNP-C, AOCNP, FAAN
  4. Bender, Catherine M. PhD, RN, FAAN
  5. Schenker, Yael MD, MAS, FAAHPM


Researchers define self-advocacy as the ability of an individual with cancer to overcome challenges in getting their preferences, needs, and values met. While imperative in all health care settings, self-advocacy is especially important in cancer care. The goal of this article is to present a conceptual framework for self-advocacy in cancer. We review foundational studies in self-advocacy, define the elements of the conceptual framework, discuss underlying assumptions of the framework, and suggest future directions in this research area. This framework provides an empirical and conceptual basis for studies designed to understand and improve self-advocacy among women with cancer.