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Arab American women, cardiovascular disease risk, health-promoting behavior, middle-aged women, personal satisfaction



  1. Ashgar, Rnda I. PhD


Background: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death among middle-aged women. Health-promoting behavior is essential to the prevention of CVD. During middle adulthood, women experience biopsychosocial changes that may reduce personal satisfaction and affect health-promoting behavior and CVD risk.


Objective: This study aimed to examine the impact of personal satisfaction on health-promoting behavior and CVD risk in middle-aged Arab American women.


Methods: A convenience sample of 114 middle-aged Arab American women was recruited from 2 clinical sites in Michigan in the United States. Participants completed a demographic questionnaire, the Health-Promoting Lifestyle Profile-II, the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support, the Satisfaction With Life Scale, the Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale, and a single item assessing health satisfaction. Risk for CVD was calculated using the 10-year atherosclerotic CVD Risk Estimator.


Results: Health-promoting behavior was significantly correlated with self-satisfaction (r = 0.54, P < .0001), health satisfaction (r = 0.45, P < .0001), and life satisfaction (r = 0.41, P < .0001). Risk for CVD was significantly negatively correlated with self-satisfaction (r = -0.17, P = .039), health satisfaction (r = -0.18, P = .029), and life satisfaction (r = -0.27, P = .002). Self-satisfaction and health satisfaction accounted for 32% of the variance in health-promoting behavior (F = 7.568, P < .0001). Age and life satisfaction accounted for 50% of the variance in CVD risk score (F = 58.28, P < .0001).


Conclusions: Personal satisfaction was associated with health-promoting behavior and CVD risk. Future research would benefit from the inclusion of longitudinal data and comparative groups.