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Authors

  1. Patronis, Stephanie BSN, RNC-NIC
  2. Staffileno, Beth A. PhD, FAHA

Abstract

Long hours, inadequate staff, and increasingly complicated patients make nurses more vulnerable to increased levels of stress and burnout. Nurses skilled in exercising self-care practices are better equipped to manage complex clinical situations. The purpose of this pilot study was to evaluate the feasibility of short mindfulness sessions (Mindful Moment) practiced prior to a shift, available in person and online, on nurse burnout and perceived levels of stress. The 8-week Mindful Moment study consisted of 20-minute sessions delivered either in person or online that included yoga, self-reflection, and meditation. Nurse burnout was assessed using the Maslach Burnout Inventory at weeks 0, 4, and 8. Perceived stress was assessed using a visual analog scale before and after each Mindful Moment session. Descriptive statistics, pre/postintervention differences, and percent change calculations were used to evaluate study outcomes. Forty-seven nurses agreed to participate, with 20 nurses completing the study (43%). Participants were all female, aged 36.8 +/- 9.8 years, with 12 +/- 8.6 years of nursing experience. With respect to nurse burnout, there was a -31% change in emotional exhaustion (P = .079), a -31% change in depersonalization (P = .057), and a +10% change in personal accomplishment (P = .331). There were consistent reductions in nurses' perceived stress pre/post-Mindful Moment session, with percent changes ranging from -35% to 40%. Findings from this study suggest that practicing a brief Mindful Moment prior to the start of a shift is feasible and self-care interventions provide lower levels of burnout and perceived stress among this sample of nurses.