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  1. Barton, Amy J. PhD, RN, FAAN, ANEF
  2. Anderson, Jessica L. DNP, CNM, WHNP, FACNM


The complexities of providing quality perinatal care within rural communities provide significant challenges to providers and policy makers. Provision of healthcare in rural communities is challenging on individual as well as community-based levels. A quality improvement lens is applied to consider key challenges that pertain to patients, providers, place, and policy. Potential solutions from a provider perspective include nurse-midwifery care and inclusion of advanced practice providers in a variety of specialties in addition to creating care models for registered nurses to practice at the top of their scope. To enhance access in the rural place, telehealth and coordination activities are recommended. Finally, policy approaches such as Perinatal Care Collaboratives, Area Health Education Centers, and enhanced financial resources to eliminate socioeconomic disparities will enhance perinatal care in rural communities.