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Keywords

academic bullying, content validity index, faculty, instrument development, social bullying

 

Authors

  1. Beitz, Janice M. PhD, RN, CS, CNOR, CWOCN-AP, CRNP, MAPWCA, ANEF, FNAP, FAAN
  2. Beckmann, Claudia A. PhD, RN, APN

Abstract

Background: Social bullying in academic nursing schools is an understudied area, yet extant research shows it is prevalent.

 

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to generate a formal definition for academic social bullying and content validate an instrument measuring it in academic nursing.

 

Methods: Classic psychometric theory and survey design were used to develop an instrument measuring academic social bullying. Extensive literature review and analysis of existing instruments were conducted; 108 items indicating bullying behaviors and organizational characteristics were created. This study targeted establishing initial content validity. Forty nurse experts who had experienced or published on academic bullying were invited; 24 responded. Experts rated agreement with relevance/appropriateness of items using a Likert scale and provided comments.

 

Results: Forty items with content validity indexes near 0.80 and supportive comments were retained. A formal definition was developed from experts' feedback.

 

Conclusions: Insights regarding differences between bullying and incivility were obtained.