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Keywords

Diabetes, Mobile health, Self-management, Smartphone applications

 

Authors

  1. Angelini, Sara MSN, RN
  2. Alicastro, Gregorio Marco MSN, RN
  3. Dionisi, Sara RN
  4. Di Muzio, Marco PhD, RN

Abstract

Diabetes is one of the most common chronic conditions, and a good self-management regimen is needed in order to control the disease and prevent complications. In the last few years, the number of health information technologies has increased, and while there are many smartphone applications for diabetic patients, their effectiveness is still unclear. This systematic review aims to outline structure and characteristics that can make an application for diabetes management effective and safe and improve usability and the chances of success for a mobile health service. Applications found in the literature have been analyzed to evaluate the different features. Findings of the review suggest that patients seem to be more attracted by tools that are helpful in everyday management of diabetes, and that allow them to save time and increase safety. The personalization of the application is essential to obtain success in promoting use, and applications should be based upon patients' predisposition to use technological tools that will ensure better outcomes.