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Competence, Knowledge, Patient simulation, Team-based learning, Teamwork



  1. Roh, Young Sook PhD
  2. Kim, Sang Suk PhD
  3. Park, Sunah PhD
  4. Ahn, Jung-Won PhD


Simulation and team-based learning are reported as useful strategies in nursing education. However, empirical evidence on the effects of participating in an integrated course of team-based learning and simulation is limited. The aim of this study was to identify the effects of a nursing simulation program with team-based learning on knowledge, team performance, and teamwork among Korean nursing students. A one-group pretest-posttest design was used. Fourth-year students (N = 229) participated in a 32-hour nursing simulation program with team-based learning. Each of the three sessions of the program involved a 3-hour task training with video-assisted learning and skills performance assessment, 1-hour team-based learning, and 4-hour simulation session with a high-fidelity simulator. In addition to the knowledge test and performance assessment, participants completed a self-administered questionnaire on teamwork. Participants achieved higher scores in the Group Readiness Assurance Test than they did in the Individual Readiness Assurance Test. The posttest scores on team performance and teamwork were significantly higher than their pretest scores. The simulation with team-based learning induced favorable effects on participants' knowledge, performance, and teamwork. A curricular integration of simulation program with team-based learning is consistent with achieving outcomes-based learning in nursing education.